Dragon Fruit Plant Strange but Delicious

October 4, 2023
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Have you ever tried dragon fruit? They are pink or yellow, and they are strange to look at. Usually these fruits are expensive. Now you can just buy an expensive fruit … or you can grow your own dragon fruit to enjoy it all the time!

Dragon fruit is a tropical fruit that grows on a curly cactus. It is believed that it appeared in Central America, and since the thirteenth century, about 100 years ago, it was imported to Vietnam by the French. Today, Vietnam is the leading producer of dragon fruit. This fruit is also grown in many countries in Asia and South America, including Malaysia, Colombia, Thailand, Peru and Nicaragua.

With its fresh appearance, dragonfruit is very nutritious. It has a high water content and a significant amount of fiber and vitamins B and C. To taste, the meat has a sweet Kiwi taste. As in Kiwi, it contains small black BONES that crack a little. This fruit is popular in smoothies, ice cream and other desserts. Even Plonk can be prepared from it!

Under the right conditions, you will be able to grow dragon fruit in the first year and beyond. He prefers tropical conditions, so if you live in zones 10-11, you are at altitude. With proper care, you can grow it even indoors. So, let’s learn all about this exotic and curly fruit.

All about the dragon fruit

Dragon fruit is a pretty impressive plant, from start to finish. The green cactus grows long ovoid segments connected by thin joints. Each segment or trunk has three ridges with small but sharp spines. To climb, the stems leave aerial roots, which technically classifies this plant as epiphytic.

In industrial production, the dragon fruit is grown in the form of a tree. The stems rest on a support, then bloom like a strange palm tree. The flowers are surprisingly large, with white petals and a floral scent. From these flowers, round reddish-pink fruits are obtained with green edges of the leaves protruding from the skin. The pulp contains black seeds that are easy to store and grow at home.

If you want to grow a dragon fruit in a container, choose one that is at least 25 gallons. It becomes a very large plant, so we would not want to transplant it after.

Types of dragon fruits

Basically, there are two types of dragon fruits: sweet and sour. Acidic species belong to the genus Stenocereus and are called Pitaya. However, this name is often applied to the sweet species, as it is often confused with the common name of the sweet species – Pitahaya. Since they are the most popular, we will focus on the Pitahaya dragon fruit (Hylocereus).

There are many varieties of dragon fruits, so we will consider only the most common species.

Care

Pitaya has special needs, but once you get the hang of it, it will be relatively easy to grow. Here’s everything you need to know.

Water and humidity

Cactus plants are used to long periods of drought and intensive watering. To simulate these conditions, use the “soaking and drying” method. Before watering, wait until the top 1 to 2 inches of the soil is completely dry. When watering, do it so deeply that the excess seeps into the drainage holes. However, be careful not to drown the plant. After filling the soil, there should be no puddles in any matter.

Since it will be in the sun and warm, water in the morning so that the plant has enough water for the whole day. This also ensures that the remaining water on the stems dries out in the heat and prevents rotting and ailment.

Universe

Dragonfruit plants need light, well-drained soil that is rich in nutrients. Meet these requirements by making a nutrient medium that is a mixture of potted vegetables and a mixture of cacti. The vegetable mixture increases the fertility of the soil, while the cactus mixture is ideal for drainage.

the pH of the soil is not a decisive factor here, but Dragonfruit prefers slightly acidic conditions. pH 6-7 is perfect.

Fertilization

You have to apply fertilizer if you really want to get the best results from this cactus. During the green growth phase, apply a 6-6-6 granular fertilizer. There may be a little more nitrogen in it if you can’t find the 6-6-6.

Once flowering begins, switch to 8-4-12 fertilizer of the type used for date palms. The additional amount of potassium helps to increase flowering.

We recommend a slow-release fertilizer that can be applied in the soil. For best results, pour ¼ cup once every one and a half to two months during the growing season. In winter, no longer use fertilizers to let the plant rest.

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