Growing Corn the Highlight of Summer

November 14, 2023
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If you ask the gardener, he will tell you that corn is much tastier if grown at home. Now you can take our word for it or see it for yourself! You will find that it is not only delicious, but that growing corn is easy and extremely healthy. Not surprisingly, this plant is one of the best crops in the world.

Corn is found on all continents inhabited by man, where it is grown mainly for human and animal consumption. It is such an important industry that more than a billion tons of corn are produced every year in the world. One of the main reasons why this crop is so popular is that it can easily be genetically modified, so that there are varieties that grow almost anywhere. This characteristic also makes it ideal for Genetic and Botanical research.

This culture is as ancient as it is popular. His close ancestors were born in the prehistoric period. The corn itself was domesticated from theosint (wild grass) more than 6,000 years ago in Central and South America. After Columbus imported corn to Europe in the 1400s, from where it quickly spread to the rest of the world.

It is therefore not surprising that the ears of sweet corn that we eat today have changed for millennia. What was once a simple grain is now the Star of agriculture – and of our gardens. We eat it raw or cooked. The grains are ground into flour. Cornstarch, bread, cereals, butter, syrup and even coffee are obtained. Corn is used even for non-medicinal purposes such as Medicine, Cosmetics, biofuels and many others.

All about sweet corn

Before continuing, let’s do a brief anatomical study. The corn grows on a bamboo-like stem that can grow to over 6 feet tall. The leaves are large and elongated, directly from the stem. The plants are monoecious, which means that each plant has male and female organs, but they are found on separate flowers. At the top of the stem we have a head. This spiny golden flower keeps the pollen where it can easily be blown away by the wind. At the bottom, at the end of each ear of corn, there is a female flower – the silkworm. These thin fibers transport the pollen to the cob seeds, which then germinate. So when you bite off an ear of corn, you actually eat the seeds of the plant.

When it comes to corn, the whole vegetable/fruit controversy is confusing. From a culinary point of view, corn has all the characteristics of a vegetable. From a botanical point of view, it is considered a fruit, because the part we eat contains seeds. However, corn, after all, is a grain, because it comes from cereals and is grown for its seeds, which are considered cereals.

The nickname “corn” comes from the Tainos word “mahiz”, which means “bread of life”. This name was changed to the Spanish term “maiz” after the conquest of Taino by the Spanish invaders. Today, “maiz”is considered a common noun, although “maiz” is written in English. In fact, the United States is the only country that usually calls this crop “corn”.

Despite its unique terminology, the United States is the first country to produce sweet corn, followed by China and Brazil. Corn occupies more than 80 million acres of land in the United States and is represented by 316,000 farms. Most of this land was invented under the name of the “corn belt”, covering North Dakota, Michigan, Kentucky, Kansas and everything in between.

Varieties of corn

There are so many varieties Of Zea-mays that not all of us can discuss them. To keep order, they have all been sorted into several groups according to their characteristics. Here are the most popular ones that you will surely hear in your corn growing adventure.

Corn is the group that we will focus on in this article, as it is the most common choice for garden plots. It converts glucose into starch more slowly than other species, which gives it a super sweet taste. It is also harvested immature before starch production stops. Some varieties of sweet corn are not well pollinated by others, so you should follow the planting instructions provided on the seed packaging. Some of our favorite strains are bodacious foot care, Peaches and Cream and Silver Princess.

Popcorn is not only a fun snack, but also a variety of corn! It produces colored grains with a hard skin, filled with granular starch. When heated, pressure builds up in the core until it “bursts” from the internal force. The starch crystallizes quickly, forming the lush delicacy that we love so much. If you want to try popcorn, check out the Carousel, strawberry and glass gem varieties.

Flint corn, also called Indian corn, is often harvested for ornamental purposes due to its ornamental grains. You can find it in a variety of colors – from brown to sunny yellow and gray-blue. However, in the commercial world, more attention is paid to the hardness of the grain, which makes it ideal for transportation. It is usually used for the production of oil, cereals, silage and flour. If you are looking for fall decorations in rainbow tones, try candy red, Wade giant and Hopi blue.

Tooth corn is the most widely grown commercial variety in the United States, China and Europe. Like Flint corn, it is mainly used for the production of oil, cereals, silage and flour. It has undergone a number of hybridizations aimed at developing the unique characteristics of starch. As for the application in the garden, you will find that the serrated varieties have quite interesting colors and patterns. To see it for yourself, check out the earthy tones, the Oaxaca Green and Bloody Butcher varieties.

Planting corn

Before we start preparing a summer dish, we’ll figure out how to grow corn. The most common practice is to plant corn from seeds. You can try to find starters, but most garden stores don’t have them because corn seeds like to grow. Since it is not frost-resistant, wait two weeks after the last frosts. The soil temperature must be at least 60°F for the seeds to germinate properly.

You can plant seeds indoors to get an earlier harvest. If you plant corn in April, you can usually sow in May, depending on your location. They grow quickly, so you don’t want to plant them indoors too early.

On each corn stalk grows only 1-3 ears, and it is better to eat them immediately. However, you can plan a continuous harvest by increasing the number of plantings. Most gardeners prefer to plant a group of seeds every 2 to 3 weeks in the spring, resulting in multiple harvests in the summer. This works especially well if you use a combination of early, medium and after varieties.

Choose a place in the garden that is in full sun and exposed to the wind for pollination. The corn stalks are quite tall, so they cast shade. Keep this in mind by placing them next to other plants.

There is a reason why corn plants are grown in rows, creating an archaic cornfield. Corn is based on wind pollination, which is easily carried out by at least a dozen grouped stems. Several rows ensure that the pollen will reach another stem, regardless of the direction of the wind.

If you want to try several varieties, keep them at least 50 feet apart. Many varieties of corn are poorly pollinated with each other, which leads to underdevelopment of the grains. You can always avoid this by planting each variety at intervals of at least 14 days so that it blooms at different times.

Now that you have decided where and when to plant the corn, sow each seed 1 to 2 inches deep and 2 to 4 inches apart. If the soil is very loose, try planting the seeds to a depth of 3 to 4 inches. The distance between the rows of corn should be 2 to 4 feet. If they have sprouted, which usually only takes 5 days or less, peel them 8 to 12 inches apart. Because fibrous and shallow roots are easily damaged, cut unnecessary corn plants on the stem instead of uprooting them.

Care

Now that they are planted, you need to know how to grow corn. You should not have problems with growing corn stalks. However, what you need to pay attention to is the development of cereals. Here’s what you need to do to get the most delicious results.

Sun and temperature

They say that on a hot day you can sit and watch the corn grow. Although it grows quickly in the heat, temperatures above 90°F can slow down growth. The same can happen in cold weather. For optimal growth, the temperature should be between 65 and 90°F.

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